Terms and definitions commonly found in the manufacturing and automotive industry
Sequencing, or Sequential Parts Delivery (SPD), is the process of delivering components to an assembly plant in an exact order determined by the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM). For example, the OEM may request three parts but want them in the order of blue, red, and then green. This allows vehicles to be built with different features to keep up with trends in customer demand. It is a flexible system requiring supplier’s to have the ability to change the “ingredients” or parts needed for the “recipe” or vehicle. Maintaining this order requires linking components to final assemblies. This order is broadcast to suppliers at a set point in the final assembly process. From this broadcast, suppliers can determine what parts and in what order the OEM requires them to be in.
A system used to notify designated personnel, normally management, of a process or quality problem at a station. Often indicated through the use of light indicators or board, operators can activate this signal through a button, pull cord, or the indicator may be automated by the production equipment. Â
Where one commodity is created in bulk as they are all the same part.
File Transfer Protocol specifies how a computer file is to be communicated between a client and server on a network.
Parts or commodities are shipped in an order specified by the customer (OEM).
Or just in time production, is the processes of building and/or shipping parts to the customer at the exact time the part is needed. This process reduces the need for inventory space.
Meaning “Continual Movement” in Japanese, it is a term often applied in the business world. It is in reference to all activities that continually improve operational functions at all levels of a facility. Â
Translating to “billboard” or “sign” in Japanese, kanban is a method for scheduling production. There are multiple systems using kanban, including a labeling system for production. Â
The process of picking a commodity and packing it in a rack, bin, or other container for shipping. Often validations of the commodities are required during this process.
A mechanism that helps an operator avoid making mistakes. For example, scanning a bar-code to confirm a correct part when loading a rack would be a poka-yoke.
Industrial computer used to control manufacturing equipment.
Standard specifications for transition of data between equipment from multiple suppliers.
A manufacturer who creates a unique product.
Allows managers and other designated personnel monitor functions in a facility.Â